Carbon-Footprint-Assessment

Scope and Boundaries

This study describes and defines the sources of greenhouse gas emissions throughout the supply chain, also taking account the production of input materials that are used in the different production phases of bananas. Included in the carbon footprint are the greenhouse gas emissions released during the three distinct stages of a banana’s life cycle, outlined as follows:

Farming Stage

  • Energy consumption: electricity and diesel/petrol for tractors and other equipment.
  • Soil emissions.
  • Transportation to the next stage, which causes indirect emissions due to the manufacturing and transportation of agricultural inputs, the generation of used energy, and the production and transportation of used fossil fuels.

Processing Stage

  • Energy consumption: electricity and diesel/petrol use.
  • Indirect emissions due to the manufacturing and transportation of processing inputs (e.g. packaging materials), the generation of used energy, and the production and transportation of used fossil fuels.

Shipping, Ripening and Distribution Stage

  • Overseas transportation, which causes indirect emissions due to the production and transportation of used fossil fuels.
  • Ripening and distribution: diesel/petrol use.
  • Indirect emissions due to the production and transport of used fossil fuels and ethylene.

The inputs and outputs are inventoried and analyzed for every production stage, so that emissions related to production and transportation can be properly calculated.

Following the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, emissions identified within the system boundaries and various stages of banana production are then labeled “direct” or “indirect” and assigned to one of three scopes.

Scope 1: Direct GHG emissions of a company come from sources that are owned or controlled by the company itself.

Scope 2: Indirect GHG emissions of the product are generated from electricity that is purchased and consumed by the company. These emissions physically occur at the facility where electricity is generated. Purchased electricity is defined as electricity that is purchased or otherwise brought into the organizational boundary of the company.

Scope 3: Other indirect GHG emissions result from the company’s activities, but occur at sources owned or controlled by other companies.