To calculate the carbon footprint of Dole bananas produced in Costa Rica and distributed in Germany, Soil & More International B.V. employed the “cradle-to-gate” approach. In following this approach, the study defines the scope of a production chain as beginning with raw material and ending with the product at the retail shelf.

The methodology that has been used to define the system boundaries and the allocation method is in line with the PAS 2050, the ISO standard 14044 and verified by TUEV-Nord according to their standard.

Most of the data originates from Dole’s internal systems, including the data from the overseas transport. In some cases, however, estimates have been made or secondary data has been used.