This assessment covers the carbon footprint of bananas that are produced on Dole-owned banana plantations in Costa Rica and then distributed in the German marketplace. For the assessment, it was assumed that the bananas were sold in supermarkets of a selected Dole Germany customer after undergoing the following events:
- While still green, bananas are harvested, washed, packed in carton boxes and transported in containers to the port of exportation.
- After arriving in Puerto Moín’s terminal, the refrigeration units on the containers are connected to an electric power source to keep the bananas cold and delay the ripening process.
- When the European vessel arrives, it’s loaded with bananas (those stored at the terminal yard and also those that arrive directly from the farm to the vessel).
- Virtually all the bananas travelling to Europe are loaded on pallets into the refrigerated holds of the ship.
- Once in Europe (Antwerp or Hamburg), the bananas are discharged and stored in refrigerated warehouses.
- They are subsequently dispatched to two different ripening facilities in Germany.
Ripening time varies, but once ready, the bananas are transported to several of the customer’s distribution centers in Germany and then out to the supermarkets.